Glossary Of Lamination Terminology >
Definitions for over 50 products, types of film, make up of film, etc.
Printed Product Questions
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What files and information ILC needs to get your product printed, laminated, etc., and right back in your hands
Laminated Pouch Questions
ILC's Question Page serves to answer all the general questions new and returning customers might have about ILC, concerning products and services rendered. However customer's should feel free to give ILC a call with any question not answered below or for elaboration on questions listed. Use the navigation to the right to quickly navigate to any specific questions on this page.
Lamination enhances images.
Resistance To Damage
Lamination prevents fraying, fading, and other forms of common document distress.
Increased longevity of laminated documents decreases costs of reproducing said materials
Reference documents which are re-handled
Maps, Charts And Newspaper Clippings
Yard And Window Signage
Large Format Presentation Material
Signs, Banners And Posters
Documents which are retained for long time
Membership Passes, Library Cards, etc.
Documents needing protection from alteration
A carrier is a ledger paper stock coated on the inside with a silicone surface (the shiny side). Laminated pouches are inserted and then fed through a laminator using these carriers. Carriers provide the following benefits: They apply uniform heat to thinner film (such as 3 mil) as it goes through the laminator, to keep it from adhering to the laminator's rollers. Allows operator to handle hot laminates as soon as they come through the laminator. Carriers are only used on pouch laminators (not roll laminators). as it goes through the laminator, to keep it from adhering to the laminator's rollers.
"Mil" is the industry term for thickness of laminating film. Typical sizes in the industry are 1.5, 3, 5, 7, and 10 mil. 1.5 mil is the thinnest film with 10-mil being the thickest film. Laminated pouches are identified as 3, 5, 7, or 10-mil product, which means you have the same thickness of film on both sides. Example: A 5-mil pouch has the overall thickness of 10 mil when laminated.
Polyester is the substance in laminating film which provides strength, gloss, and durability. When ordering laminating film, it is important to know the make-up of the film: the more poly- ester you have in the film the clearer the laminating will be. The overall thickness can be further defined by the film make- up. Example: A 10-mil film can be 7/3 or a 4/6. Both numbers add up to 10, which is the overall thickness mil of the film. The first number represents the polyester in the film. In this case, a 7/3 has 70% polyester compared to a 4/6, which has 40%. The more polyester in the film the more expensive the laminating pouch or roll will cost. However, your laminating will be clearer using a 7/3 rather than a 4/6.
Along with polyester, resin is the other substance that gives laminating film its bonding properties. In the mil description, the second number in the film indicates the amount of resin in film. Example: A 10 mil (7/3) film has 70% polyester and 30% resins for bonding.For items that are going to receive heavy handling you may need a high resin film such as a 4/6 versus a 7/3.
A laminated pouch is a laminated product that has a front and a back where an insert may be placed for laminating. A seal is what holds the film together, allowing an insert to be placed between the film parts prior to laminating. The seal is 1/8" wide and may be on the longest or shortest side of the pouch. On a letter size pouch (9" x 11-1/2") the seal is on the 9" side. This would be considered a short sealed pouch. Note: The seal of a laminated pouch is important in judging the quality of the pouch. The seal must be straight, not irregular because the seal helps align the inserted document easily in the pouch.
Custom And Special Size Pouches
Any pouch which is not listed in our standard sizes. A special pouch also may be defined as any pouch on which a seal, slotting, printing, or other special features are required.
This is a tamper resistant film. If there is an attempt to peel the laminates open to alter its contents, the film will tear up the insert material and photo alerting the viewer that an alteration was attempted.
Clear Pouch Laminate
Where laminated document will appear clear and glossy. This film is available in: 3mil - (2/1) 5mil - (3/2) 7mil - (5/2) 10mil - (4/6) 10mil - (7/3) (For roll laminators a 1.5 mil is available)
A pouch that is formed by cutting the pouch size from a single sheet of laminating film. Unlike a laminated pouch a butterfly pouch doesn't have a seal but a score to fold the front and back over insert.
Writable Matte Film
Laminating film that can be written on. This film will also reduce the glare of light to enhance scanning of bar codes or reduce glare from a photo.
Made up of laminating film (Pet) which can manufacture closed or with an open format to add additional items like photos, names, etc.
Hard plastic card used with video imaging systems. Can be made up of 100% PVC material or a composite material which allows card to bend without breaking.
The cardboard core that laminating film is rolled on. The normal industry size cores used in roll laminators are 1", 2-1/4" and 3".
Pressure Sensitive Back Pouches
An aggressive pressure sensitive backed film with a release liner, when removed the laminated insert may be applied to a surface.
A rectangular area which covers up a bar code on insert from being read or duplicated. Bar masks are printed in two colors - red or black. A black bar mask prevents the barcode to be read with the human eye but, will allow scanning equipment to read the bar code. Bar Code Masks add security to your card.
(Die Diffusion Film) This is specific film created for certain types of I.D. Printers. This film prevents chemicals on the photo-graphic material coming from these printers from interacting with laminated film resin. This prevents a brown- out of the insert.
Stripes that can be encoded with specific information that can not be read with the human eye. This is a security feature where cards have to be scanned for time and attendance or access to secure areas. There are two types of stripes-;"low-coercity" or "high coercity" These stripes are available in 3/8" or 1/2" wide. Contact your equipment supplier to determine what is best for your magnetic stripe needs.
Quality Laminated Pouch
Laminating pouch quality is judged by: Round corners: Consistency in the four corners on pouch (not clipped off.) Clarity of lamination Consistence in size of the pouch: Every pouch should be the same size (some suppliers bag their pouches in small quantities to cover up inconsistency in pouch sizes.)
All Photo Well
This is a die cut area which appears in insert which is 1-3/4" x 2-3/4". This allows a photo to be inserted into this area allowing the surface of the pouch to laminate flat.
Standard Photo Well
Is 1" x 1-1/4" in size allowing for I.D. Picture to be inserted.
Equipment needed to die cut photos to specific size.
Used for laminating standard size pouches. Pouch Laminators can be divided into two classifications-two or four roller machines.
Uses wide rolls of film to laminate items.
Four Roller Laminator
Rollers in laminator are used for the following reasons: Removes air in laminated pouches to reduce air pockets Uniformly spreads the resin, (the bonding material) to properly seal a laminated pouch. (Generally a four roll laminator provides a better finished product than a two roll laminator.)
Has an embedded computer chip on the front side of card and needs to be inserted into a smart card reader. When the card is inserted, contact is made with electrical connectors which transfer data to and from the chip. One application for a smart card is a telephone card that is pre-loaded with a certain value. As the card is used, the value is deducted.
Multi-Dimensional image which when applied to the inside of a laminate film provides added protection from abrasion, ultraviolet light, dye migration. The major benefit results in protection from counterfeiting and alteration of the documents. Holograms may be classified into two categories: Opaque (non-see through)-this is the type of hologram you would find on bank credit cards. Translucent (see-through) so text or information on document is not covered up. In translucent holograms there are two types available Embossed or Photopolymer. The photo- polymer provides the highest security with a bright, viewable, real 3D image.
Raised seal increases security and can not be duplicated. Does not flatten after lamination. Can be customized to specific customer account.
Term used for item inserted into laminating pouch. Inserts may be on paper stock, but require a minimum size of 1/8" smaller than out side dimensions of laminating pouch. ILC has insert material called Super-Lam that looks like paper but is a film material. An 1/8" is not required around insert which can be the same size as pouch.
Printing on inside of laminating film so it can not be altered from the outside once product is laminated closed. This printing can not be seen, however when document is placed under UV Light the printing is immediately visible. This allows for verification of card.
Various shades of printed colors across face of insert making duplication or copying of insert difficult.
Contactless Card/Combi Card
Looks like an ordinary plastic card. The inside of the card contains a computer chip and an antenna coil. This card allows communication with a Remote Receiver / Transmitter. A typical application is for transit systems where a value may be loaded and as the card travels past a location the card value is reduced. Since tickets don't have to be stamped, this saves a significant amount of time for a transit system.
Multi Media Card
This is a postage stamp size card that has seven gold con- tacts on front. This card contains 2-8 MB Chip. This card is used for Digital Database systems. The card offers a high capacity and rapid access system for access control.
Plastic Buckle Strap
Single or double lock molded plastic strap used with luggage tags.
Works like a belt buckle. May vary in color due to natural incon- sistency of leather (used with luggage tags).
Works like belt buckle. The back is fabric reinforced for added durability and strength (used with luggage tags).
Continuous loop also called spaghetti straps, worm straps or lug loops. To use-insert one end in slot and back through loop and pull tight.
Mylar Badge Straps And Clips
Thin, rigid plastic strap sometimes has a color.
Vinyl Badge Strap And Clips
Thin, flexible plastic strap, clear in color.
Adhesive Pins And Clips
Square metal pad with adhesive on. Has paper peel off to reveal adhesive.
Rectangular plastic or metal base with alligator teeth with safety pin mounted crosswise on clip. Has adhesive back with release liner.
Nickel-plated stainless steel chains used to hold ID Badges around neck.
Cloth ropes which hold ID Badges around neck.
Vinyl Badge Holders
Product made with heavy vinyl clear film sealed on three sides. Made to hold insert vertically or horizontally.
ILC utilizes a Mac based graphics department, which primarily uses Adobe® CS2/CS3 and Microsoft Office® applications. Application and filetypes we prefer are listed in the table below. While ILC will do everything within our power to work with all other files sent to us for print, we cannot guarantee satisfactory results. If documents must be re-created, production cost will increase. For the best possible outcome of all printed media please utilize the applications and filetypes listed below.
|Adobe Acrobat||PDFs are the de facto |
PDFs are the best
way to compress files
and ensure usibility.
|.psd .jpg or
.jpeg .tif .pdf
|A one of a kind
program used for
in *raster form.
|.ai .eps .tif
||A program specialized
for single page
layouts and *vector
|.indd||InDesign is useful
|MS Word||.doc||Word documents
may be used for
printing, but this
|MS Excel||.xls||Tabular data such as
lists of names,
numbers, etc. may be
sent as an excel doc.
Please send any images included in the document. If a document contains any non system/standard font/s, please include the font file/s. Send any logos/company marks in these formats, as vector art if possible. For best quality please save images at atleast 300dpi at the desired print size.Please send any images included in the document. If a PDF document is meant to be edited please save with editing capabilities preserved.
Vector Art is made from a series of mathematical points it will print very crisp no matter how much the art is resized.
Raster graphics cannot be scaled to a higher resolution without loss of apparent quality.
There Are Two Main Benefits
It Can't be pulled apart after lamination. It can be cut flush to create a professional appearance
ILC has the capabilities to print most industry bar codes.
PMS printed inks is a widely accepted method of communicating color requirements between a customer and printer. All printers have a PMS book or color to match customer requirements.
38" is the magic number. Any size less than 38" on one side we can print.
With the exception of Social Security number and date or birth most other information is widely used.
Most common information includes:
Name Employee Number Date Of Hire Title Height Weight Hair Color Eye Color Sex
ILC provides laminating products in range of thicknesses. The most common film thicknesses are:
|Heavy||10.0 mil||250 Microns|
Factors For Selecting Thickness:
Length of document use. Handling of item. Size of document Feel or image
Length of document use - A restaurant menu is laminated to protect the menu's appearance from water, handling etc. but the prices change every three months in this case a 1.5 or 3.0 mil film is recommended Length of document use - An employee card is handled everyday. A 10-mil film on both sides of inserts is recommended. Size of document - A 36" x 40" poster needs to be displayed standing up. To make the poster more rigid, 10 mil both sides would be recommended. Feel or image - A membership or Loyalty card compete with other cards in a person's wallet since most cards are 30 mil, 10 mil on both sides of the insert is recommended.
The seal acts as a ruler, which allows an insert to quickly line up when inserting into a pouch.If a 3"x 9" pouch was ordered the seal should be located on the long side (9"). This would give you the benefit of keeping your insert straight in the pouch.
Yes ILC carries writable film - you need to order a matte writable film which you can order in 3, 5, 7 and 10 mil.
Yes ILC carries fade resistant film. Order a UV film designed to protect printed images of ink jet and laser printer from fading in direct sunlight.
Sheet sizes for magnetic film range from 8 1/2" x 11" - 11" x 17"
On our standard laminated pouches you can order a stock hologram in quantities of 500.
To best select a laminator for your requirements, answer the following questions.
What size document will you be laminating? (Keep in mind, a pouch laminator is less expensive than a roll laminator don't let the exception size determine your needs)
If your laminating requirement calls for heavier film such as 5, 7 or 10 mil make sure you check to determine what thicknesses work with your laminator.
Some laminators do not require carriers this can be a time saver.
Cutting To Size
When using a pouch laminator - once laminated the item is finished. There is no cutting to size step as there is with a roll laminator.
Is not as important as how well the item is laminated. The time required to finish the item with trimming, punching and round corners is more time consuming.
If you intend to use foil in your laminating process, order only those models which allow you this capability.
If the majority of your laminating will be photos, then only order photo quality type laminators for the best results.
Depending on film thickness, your laminator should be adjusted to the temperatures in the table below. If the material clouds while processing, the temperature is too low. If the materials bubbles or waves, the temperature is too high. In either case, adjust the heat setting and wait a few minutes for the equipment to reach the new temperature. Be sure that photos are completely dry before laminating.
|THICKNESS OF FILM||CELSIUS RANGE||FAHRENHEIT RANGE|
|160 - 165
105 - 110
108 - 115
115 - 120
120 - 125
|320 - 329
221 - 230
226 - 239
239 - 248
248 - 257
The temperature on your laminator is too low increase slowly until the hazy, cloudy effect goes away.
This is caused by excess temperature or not using cooling fans. Reduce the temperature slowly until the problem goes away.
Order stay flat film for both sides of inserts.
This problem will occur if a non-co-polymer film is used, check to make sure the film used is co-polymer and using the recommended heat setting. For your information, there are laminating film rolls sold that are not co-polymer because they are less expensive. Most of these type laminating films will easily de-laminate from paper stocks. Co-polymer films have a stronger adhesive to bond with paper.
There Are Two Recommended Solutions
Use heavier film. Heavier film will not get caught up on the back rollers like a thin film (1.5 or 1.7 mil). If thinner films are required use a cardboard piece across the back of the unit, which blocks the film from curling around the rollers.
Odor is common when co-polymer film is not used.
The safety recommendations in this section can be used for all laminators. Please read, understand and follow before operation any laminator. Failure to comply with any of the following safety procedures could result in personal injury.
DO NOT immerse in water or permit liquid to spill inside the laminator. DO NOT allow articles of clothing (neckties, scarves, etc.) near front or rear of machine. Articles could get caught in openings by rollers and be pulled inside unit causing personal injury. DO NOT insert sharp objects into unit. DO NOT place anything into feed tray opening except laminating material or pouches. DO NOT laminate items, which exceed the total recommended material thickness. DO NOT operate laminator for any purpose other than its intended use. Inspect roller cord prior to each use. DO NOT operate machine if power cord is damaged in any way. Turn off power when laminator is not in use. Unplug machine when moving. Laminators are intended for indoor use only. DO NOT alter or extend electrical plus. Most laminators have a polarized plug. These plugs can fit one way into polarized outlets. If unit does not fit, call a qualified electrician to install a proper outlet. DO NOT change unit plugs. DO NOT overload electrical outlets. This could lead to FIRE! Prior to moving any parts from unit, call a technician for instructions.
The only user service normally required on laminators is occasional external cleaning. Be sure machine is turned off and power is disconnected cleaning outside of machine. Wipe machine with damp cloth to remove dust and other foreign material that could become attached to your docu- ments or plastic laminating film. To remove dirt, fingerprints, etc., from housing, use a diluted solution of mild detergent. DO NOT use alcohol, petroleum-based cleaning solvents or harsh abrasives. DO NOT allow liquids to get inside laminator.
Caution: Parts Of Laminator May Be Hot!
If laminator has been turned on recently, the components inside may still be very HOT. To avoid potential burning of skin or clothing, always shut off power and allow machine to cool for 30 minutes before removing any cover.
Danger: High Voltage!
Rotation of rollers requires reconnection of electrical power supply cord while cover is removed in order to activate motor, high voltage electrical components and wires are exposed and danger of serious or fatal electrical shock is present. Only persons with proper electrical experience and training should be permitted to work inside these units.
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